October 3, 2013

Important Operations of the Indian Defense Forces


Important Operations of the Indian Defense Forces
If you are going for SSB, you might be asked in your interview that what all you know about the Indian Military. When you tell them that you know the ranks and commands your IO might say that “Everybody knows it tell me something different”. So what is this different thing? You may tell him about the arms, equipment’s of the military. You may even tell them about the operations of which our military has been a part of. 

Knowing about the operations helps you in other ways also. It gives you an additional knowledge and as far as your written exams are concerned, it is beneficial in it also. Plus knowing about the valor and bravery of the Indian soldiers and the three wings of the Military fills you with a feeling of patriotism and pride. Hence in this article you will be made familiar with the operations of which our Defense has been a part of.

To begin with I must tell you what defense operations are. In India the defense system consists of the Indian Army, the Indian Air Force, the Indian Navy, the Indian Coast Guard and various other inter-service institutions which have a responsibility of maintaining the integrity of India. They carry out exercises in cases of wars or any such requirement and since they have a target to achieve they call it an operation. Till now Indian Defense forces have been involved in a number of operations. Here major of them are listed about which you should know.
Important Operations of the Indian Defense Forces

Army Operations

  • During First Kashmir War(1947)
  • Operation Polo (1948) - Indian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union.
  • Operation Vijay (1961) - the operation by the Military of India that led to the capture of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961.
  • During Sino-Indian War (1962)
  • During Second Kashmir War (1965)
  • During Bangladesh Liberation War
  • During Siachen conflict (1980)
  • Operation Blue Star (1984)
  • Operation Woodrose (1984)
  • Operation Meghdoot (1984) — Indian military's capture of the majority of Siachen Glacier.
  • Operation Pawan (1987) – Operations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord.
  • Operation Viraat (1988) – It was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
  • Operation Trishul (1988) - Along with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
  • Operation Checkmate (1988) - It was an anti-insurgency operation carried out by the IPKF against the LTTE in the Vadamarachi area of northern Sri Lanka in June 1988.
  • Operation Cactus (1988) — Indian armed forces oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries of PLOTE who instigated a coup in Malé in the Maldives.
  • Operation Vijay (1999) - name of the successful Indian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector, in the 1999 Kargil War.
  • Operation Parakram (2001)
  • Operation Black Tornado, and Operation Cyclone, (2008)
  • Operation Goodwill- humanitarian tasks in J&K
  • Operation Good Samaritan- humanitarian tasks in Manipur/Nagaland

Navy Operations

  • Operation Vijay (1961)
  • Operation Trident (1971)
  • Operation Python (1971)
  • Operation Cactus (1988)
  • During Operation Restore Hope (1992–2003)
  • Operation Parakram (2001)
  • During Operation Enduring Freedom (2001)
  • During 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (Operation Madath, Operation Sea Waves, Operation Castor, Operation Rainbow, Operation Gambhir & Operation Rahat-II)
  • Operation Sukoon (2006)

Air Operations

  • During First Kashmir War (1947)
  • During Congo Crisis (1961)
  • During Sino-Indian War (1962)
  • During Second Kashmir War (1965)
  • During Bangladesh Liberation War (1971)
  • Meghna Heli Bridge (1971)
  • Tangail Airdrop (1971)
  • Operation Meghdoot (1984)
  • Operation Poomalai (1987)
  • Operation Cactus (1988)
  • Operation Safed Sagar (1999)
  • Atlantique Incident (1999)
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 Tashi Mishra, Editorial Team

She is a defense aspirant from Varanasi completed her BCA. She has attended SSB Interview at 1 AFSB Dehradoon and has more SSB coming up. She is confident about joining Defence Forces one day. Here, she is sharing her views and experience. Mail us to join our editorial team now.

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