The Department of Defence production has established wide ranging production facilities for various defence equipment through the Ordnance Factories and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs). There are a total of 9 DPSUs in India.
This article is important for upcoming defence exam preparation.
The products manufactured by these DPSUs include arms and ammunition, tanks, armoured vehicles, heavy vehicles, fighter aircrafts and helicopters, warships, submarines, missiles, ammunition, electronic equipment, earth moving equipment, special alloys and special purpose steels.
While the Ordnance Factory Board has developed infrastructure facilities for construction of Missile, tanks, high explosive, cartridge 105mm, Rocket Pinaka restricted high explosives etc., the major infrastructure and assets developed by DPSUs are:
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL):
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited has developed facilities for design, development, manufacturing and repair overhaul of Aircraft, helicopter, Engines and associated accessories and avionics facilities are also established for manufacture of structures for space applications and manufacturing and repair overhaul of industrial and marine engine etc.
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL):
Bharat Electronics Limited has developed infrastructure facilities for design, development, manufacturing and supply of sophisticated strategic electronic equipment/systems primarily for the Defence in the areas of communication, electronic warfare & avionics, missile systems, radar & fire control systems etc.
Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML):
Bharat Earth Movers Limited has created world class manufacturing and testing facilities for armoured recovery vehicles, BEML high mobility vehicles, Hull for T-72 tanks, Arjun Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle (ARRV), BMP transmission and ejector & air cleaner assembly etc.
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL):
Bharat Dynamics Limited has developed infrastructure facilities which include building, plant & machinery, testing facilities, modernization & automation of grain loading for Akash project etc.
Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI):
Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited has developed world class facilities for making super alloys etc.
Mazagaon Dockyards Limited (MDL):
Mazagaon Dockyards Limited has huge infrastructure and assets which include Fabrication shops, Dry Docks, Impounded wet basin, slipways, cradle assembly shop, submarine assembly shop etc.
Garden Reach Ship Builders & Engineers (GRSE):
Garden Reach Ship Builders & Engineers Limited has acquired Raja Bagan Dockyard from Central Inland Water Transport Corporation (CIWTC) and have infrastructure facilities for construction of modern ships under large platforms like frigates, anti-submarine warfare corvette, Missiles corvette, Landing ship tank etc.
Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL):
Goa Shipyard Limited has undertaken a planned modernization programme and is in the process of creating infrastructure for Indigenous Construction of Mine counter Measure Vessels (MCMVs) etc.
Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL):
Hindustan Shipyard Limited has developed infrastructure facility for covered building dock, three slipways, repair graving dock, large wet basin with depth of 10M, high pressure hydraulic flushing facilities for submarines etc.
Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) was in losses for many years due to lack of orders. However, it earned profit during the last two years and Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) had one time loss during the year 2012-13 due to an extraordinary situation. However, BEML earned profit during successive financial years.
There are a total of 9 Defence Public Sector Undertakings in India: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), Beml Limited (BEML), Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI), Mazagaon Dockyards Limited (MDL), Garden Reach Ship Builders & Engineers (GRSE), Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) and Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) which manufacture various weapons and vehicles for the Indian armed forces.