Lecturette Topic: Indus Water Treaty 1960

Friend knowledge on variety of issues is key to be successful in GD and lecturettes. So a good knowledge base is important for all of us. Hence this post is here for giving outline for various lecturette topics faced by candidates in various SSB centers. It will help everyone to brush up his knowledge on various issues and also to prepare for SSB interview. Today topic is Indus Water treaty.

Introduction:-The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-sharing treaty between Pakistan and India, brokered by the World Bank . The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Mohammad  Ayub Khan. The treaty was a result of Pakistan’s fear that since the source rivers of the Indus basin were in India, it could potentially create droughts and famines in Pakistan, especially at times of war. However, India did not revoke the treaty during any of three later Indo-Pakistani Wars.

Lecturette Topic: Indus Water Treaty 1960

 

Major points about the treaty are:-
  1. It is also called IWT 1960. It was signed between India and Pakistan for sharing of river water in 1960. Since Pakistan was created as separate state for Muslims, so water resources of India were to be shared .our leaders thought that it will create a goodwill environment among the neighbor countries.
  2. There are 6 rivers Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Satluj. Out of 6 three rivers enter Pakistan after traversing some distance in India. According to treaty Indus, Jhelum, Chennab were given to Pakistan. And Ravi, Beas and Satluj were given to India.
  3. Pakistan wanted to create network of canals and to have control on rivers although all of these rivers originates in India. To develop this network money was given by World Bank, USA, Canada, and India also supported it. Thus World Bank became guarantor for the treaty.
  4. Bone of contention: Baglihar power project and tul-bul project
    • Baglihar power project:-India is constructing a power project on Chennab in Doda district of Jammu to produce 450 MW of hydroelectricity. Pakistan objected to our construction because of the height, design and gate system of the project Pakistan said it have right over the river according to IWT1960. It approached World Bank. World Bank appointed scientists to study the project and to suggest modification. India was to reduce height by 1.5 m and work was not stopped.
    • Tul-bul project:- we do not agree even with its name India call it Tul Bul project  and Pakistan  call it Wooler Barrage. It is a project on Jhelum River; we wanted to raise the level of water in Jhelum River during lean season by diverting its water into woolar lake in earlier months. The talks are on to resolve issue which is pending since 1987.
Conclusion: – Since the ratification of the treaty in 1960, India and Pakistan have not engaged in any water wars. Disagreements and disputes have been settled via legal procedures, provided for within the framework of the treaty. The treaty is considered to be one of the most successful water sharing Endeavours in the world today.  Our government has promised that we will abide by the IWT of 1960 in spite of the hurdles.
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