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200+ Solved MCQs Indian Rivers GK For AFCAT CDS NDA UPSC

Indian Rivers General Knowledge eBook contains detailed theory, facts, data and GK questions and answers on Indian River System, in this ebook you will find easy to remember data based on Indian rivers and MCQs related to Indian river system which you may face in exams like  UPSC IAS,IPS, IES, IFS, CDS, NDA, AFCAT, State-PSC, SSC, Railways and other competitive examinations.


  • Facts about Indian Rivers
  • Rivers and Cities of India
  • Rivers and Dams in India
  • Rivers and their Origins
  • Indian Rivers and Tributaries
  • Ancient Names of Rivers
  • Rivers and places of confluence
  • Facts about World Rivers
  • Cities and Rivers of the World
  • Mouths of Rivers of the World
  • Terminology related to Rivers
  • Himalayan Vs Peninsular Rivers
  • Indian Rivers MCQs Solved
River System General Knowledge eBook
Download Indian Rivers PDF

Facts to Remember on Indian Rivers

General Facts on Indian Rivers
The river system of India can be classified into four groups – 1. Himalayan rivers 2. Deccan (Peninsular) rivers 3. Coastal rivers and 4. Rivers of inland water drainage.
Luni, Machhu, Banas, Rupen, Saraswati and Ghagghar are examples of rivers with inland water drainage, i.e. they do not empty into the ocean but get lost into the sand.
Subarnarekha, Vamsadhara, Nagavali, Vaigai, Netravati and Sharavati are examples of coastal rivers.
The longest flowing river in India is the Ganges or Ganga followed by Godavari, Yamuna, Krishna and Narmada.
The longest river which flows through India is the Indus which originates in Tibet and enters Pakistan before flowing into the Arabian Sea.
The Ganges is also known as the Bhagirathi since King Bhagirath was responsible for bringing it from the heavens to the earth. The part of the River Ganga which flows into Bangladesh is known as Padma.
Most of the Indian rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal but some like Narmada,TaptiNetravathi and Periyar flow into the Arabian Sea.
Five rivers of erstwhile Punjab are Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum and Chenab
The river also known as Dakshin Ganga is Godavari
The Brahmaputra is known as Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet and as Dihang in Arunachal Pradesh. The Brahmaputra river is known as Jomuna in Bangladesh.
The river known as Singi Khamban (Lion’s mouth) in Tibet River Indus
The river known as Bengal’s sorrow is River Damodar
Prayag or Allahabad is believed to be the confluence (sangam) of these rivers GangaYamuna and the mythical Saraswati
The number of Indian rivers which have been classified as major rivers by the Government is Twelve.
There are three Trans-Himalayan rivers which originate in the high Tibetan Plateau and cut across the mighty Himalayan ranges. IndusBrahmaputra, and Sutlej.


Cities and Rivers

# City (India) River
1. Delhi Yamuna
2. Agra Yamuna
3. Patna Ganga
4. Haridwar Ganga
5. Allahabad confluence of Ganga and Yamuna
6. Varanasi Ganga
7. Guwahati Brahmaputra
8. Kanpur Ganga
9. Jabalpur Narmada
10. Bharuch Narmada
11. Lucknow Gomti
12. Hyderabad Musi
13. Nasik Godavari
14. Srinagar Jhelum
15. Vijayawada Krishna
16. Kolkata Hooghly
17. Ahmedabad Sabarmati
18. Surat Tapti
19. Thiruchirapalli Cauveri
20. Cuttack Mahanadi
21. Ayodhya Saryu
22. Ludhiana Sutlej
23. Kullu Beas
24. Ujjain Kshipra
25. Hampi Tungabhadra
26. Pune Mutha
27. Vadodara Vishwamitri
28. Madurai Vaigai
29. Coimbatore Noyyal
30. Gorakhpur Rapti
31. Nellore Penna
32. Kurnool Tungabhadra
33. Durgapur Damodar
34. Jammu Tawi
  1. Amarkantak an important Peninsular river is in the state of
  2. Gujarat
  3. Madhya Pradesh
  4. Maharashtra
  5. Rajasthan

Answer : B. Madhya Pradesh


  1. Name the largest river in south India
  2. Godavari
  3. Krishna
  4. Cauvery
  5. Mahanadi

Answer : A. Godavari


  1. Which river is called “Bengal’s sorrow”?
  2. Yamuna
  3. Damodhar
  4. Narmada
  5. Tapti

Answer : B. Damodhar


  1. Which of the following rivers in India is shared by large number of states?
  2. Mahanathi
  3. Krishna
  4. Cauvery
  5. Godavari

Answer : D. Godavari


  1. The Narmada river rises near
  2. Amarkantak
  3. Nagpur
  4. Abu
  5. Betul

Answer : A. Amarkantak


  1. Match list I correctly with list II and select your answer using the codes given below:

List I (Rivers)           List II (Water Fall)

  1. a) Tambarabarani 1) Kapildhara
  2. b) Saravathi 2) Hogenakal
  3. c) Narmadha 3) Banatirtham
  4. d) Cauvery 4) Jog
  5. 4 3 2 1
  6. 3 1 4 2
  7. 2 1 4 3
  8. 3 4 1 2

Answer : D. 3 4 1 2


  1. Which indian state is known a land of five rivers?
  2. Uttar Pradesh
  3. Punjab
  4. Haryana
  5. Gujarat

Answer : B. Punjab


  1. River wardha is the tributary of
  2. Godavari
  3. Krishna
  4. Narmada
  5. Sabarmathi

Answer : A. Godavari


  1. The longest river in the world is
  2. Cauvery
  3. Congo
  4. Nile
  5. Ganga

Answer : C. Nile


  1. Which of the following rivers is NOT a tributary of the Ganga?
  2. Gomathi
  3. Gandak
  4. Kosi
  5. Chambal

Answer : D. Chambal (tributary of Yamuna)


  1. Which river is called as the male river in India?
  2. Godavari
  3. Ganga
  4. Brahmaputra
  5. Cauvery

Answer : C. Brahmaputra


  1. Chambal river flows through the states of
  2. Maharashtra,Madhya pradesh and U.P.
  3. U.P. ,Madhya Pradesh and Bihar
  4. U.P. Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
  5. U.P. Madhya Pradesh and Orissa

Answer : C. U.P. Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan


  1. The alternate name of river Brahmaputra is
  2. Tista
  3. Tsangpo
  4. Gandak
  5. Yamuna

Answer : B. Tsangpo


  1. The Vaigai river rises in the
  2. Agasthiyar hills
  3. Cardamom hills
  4. Kolli hills
  5. Varusanadu Hills

Answer : B. Cardamom hills


  1. Kolkata is situated on the banks of the river
  2. Ganga
  3. Hooghly
  4. Krishna
  5. Cauvery

Answer : B. Hooghly


  1. India’s longest perennial river is
  2. Kaveri
  3. Narmada
  4. Tapti
  5. Ganga

Answer : D. Ganga


  1. Which river has its source outside of India?
  2. Ravi
  3. Beas
  4. Jhelum
  5. Brahmaputra

Answer : D. Brahmaputra


  1. Which one of the following river flows into the Arabian sea?
  2. Cauvery
  3. Godavari
  4. Ganga
  5. Narmada

Answer : D. Narmada


  1. West flowing rivers of Peninsular region are
  2. Cauvery, Nethravathi
  3. Vaigai, Tambarabarani
  4. Krishna, Godavari
  5. Naramada, Tapti


Answer : D. Naramada, Tapti


  1. Which of the following river does not flow into Bay of Bengal?
  2. Ganga
  3. Krishna
  4. Narmada
  5. Godavari

Answer : C. Narmada


  1. The multi purpose project on the river Sutlej is
  2. Hirakud
  3. Tungabhadra
  4. Bhakra nangal
  5. Ramganga

Answer : C. Bhakra nangal


  1. Where is Agasthiar falls in Tamilnadu?
  2. Coutralam
  3. Kumarar kovil
  4. Papanasam
  5. Kalakkad

Answer : C. Papanasam


  1. Which of the following rivers does NOT pass through Himachal Pradesh?
  2. Beas
  3. Chenab
  4. Ravi
  5. Sutlej

Answer : B. Chenab


  1. Himalayan rivers are Perinial because
  2. south-west monsoon gives rainfall
  3. north-east monsson gives rainfall
  4. melting of snow resulting in the flow of water
  5. get rainfall through out the year

Answer : C. melting of snow resulting in the flow of water


  1. The river basin which is called “Ruhr of India” is
  2. Damodar
  3. Hooghly
  4. Suvarna Reka
  5. Godavari

Answer : A. Damodar



  1. The river Yamuna finally ends at
  2. Bay of Bengal
  3. Arabian Sea
  4. Gulf of Cambay
  5. Allahabad

Answer : D. Allahabad


  1. Which river flows westwards?
  2. Naramada
  3. Godavari
  4. Cauvery
  5. Krishna

Answer : A. Naramada


  1. Ahmedabad town is situated on the bank of river
  2. Ganga
  3. Sabarmati
  4. Hooghly
  5. Narmada

Answer : B. Sabarmati


  1. Which pair is correctly matched?
  2. Ayodhya – sabarmathi
  3. cuttack- Narmada
  4. Vijayawada – Krishna
  5. Kolkata – Ganga

Answer : C. Vijayawada – Krishna

  1. The river Ganges rises in
  2. Lake Mansarovar
  3. Gangotri
  4. Badrinath
  5. Mt.Kailash

Answer : B. Gangotri

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