Guns laws in India are governed by the Arms Act, 1959 and the Arms Rules, 1962. The act regulates the manufacture, sale, possession, and use of firearms and ammunition in India. The main objective of the act is to control the availability and use of firearms to ensure public safety and reduce criminal activities.
According to the Arms Act, a person must obtain a license to purchase, possess, or carry a firearm in India. The licensing authority is the concerned district collector or the Commissioner of Police. A license can be granted for self-defense, sports, hunting, or employment purposes. The licensing authority has the discretion to grant or reject a license application based on specific criteria, such as the applicant’s background, age, criminal history, and mental health.
The Arms Act lays down the following categories of firearms in India:
- Prohibited Bore firearms – These are firearms with a bore of more than 12.7 mm and are not authorized for civilian use.
- Non-prohibited Bore firearms – These are firearms with a bore of 12.7 mm or less and can be used for specific purposes with a valid license.
Who can carry a gun in India?
- Law enforcement officials – Members of the police force and other law enforcement agencies are authorized to carry firearms while on duty.
- Armed forces personnel – Members of the Indian armed forces can carry firearms while on duty.
- Private security personnel – Private security personnel who have been issued a license by the licensing authority can carry firearms while on duty.
- Sportspersons – Sportspersons who have obtained a license for the purpose of sports shooting can carry firearms while participating in shooting events.
- Hunters – Hunters who have obtained a license for hunting can carry firearms while hunting.
- Others – Individuals who have obtained a license for self-defense can carry firearms for self-defense purposes.
It is important to note that the licensing authority can revoke a license if the holder violates any provisions of the Arms Act or if the holder poses a threat to public safety.
In conclusion, guns laws in India aim to regulate the availability and use of firearms to ensure public safety. A person must obtain a license to purchase, possess, or carry a firearm, and the license can be granted for specific purposes. Law enforcement officials, armed forces personnel, private security personnel, sportspersons, hunters, and individuals with a license for self-defense are authorized to carry firearms in India.